This simple, interpreted and case-sensitive language has become one of the most widely used languages for web development. Developers use it to create all kinds of applications, including games, social networking sites, and other forms of web media. The scripting language has also been incorporated into back end infrastructure, allowing for greater flexibility.
Scripting is an important part of web development, since it is the language used to execute code on a client’s computer. This reduces costs, while avoiding the need for web servers. When a user visits a website, the browser downloads the code and runs it. By executing the code in the browser, developers can save on memory and bandwidth.
Several years later, the European Computer Manufacturers Association (ECMA) developed a standardized version of the scripting language called ECMAScript. Though the ECMAScript standard has been updated several times over the years, it remains the official name.